The main types of aquarium plants
Aquarium living plants are classified into several groups according to the characteristics of their habitat in the water.
- growing small aquarium plants at the bottom of the aquarium (bryophytes, spring, hypnum, etc.);
- freely floating in the water column or on its surface (hornwort, duckweed, pemphigus, etc.);
- growing in the ground, but forming flowers and leaves floating on the surface of the water (water lilies, aponogetones);
- freely floating on the water surface (Pontederiaceae, water-colored, etc.);
- growing at the bottom and blooming under water (naiad, nickel);
- growing at the bottom and carrying flower stems to the surface of the water (urut, water buttercups, etc.);
- towering above the surface of the water (plants of marsh and coastal species – sedge, aroid, etc.).
Hardy plants for the aquarium
Every aquarium plant needs care. However, there are many types of aquatic flora, characterized by rapid growth and unpretentiousness.
This group has quite a wide selection:
- vallisneria is a fast growing plant;
- cladophora – filamentous green algae;
- duckweed – a rapidly growing plant, suitable for all inhabitants of the aquarium;
- hornwort with closely intertwined stems;
- Guadalupe naiad – grows in a small bush;
- hygrophila – a plant with large leaves, looks good in the background;
- elodea – grows rapidly, well suited for viviparous fish;
- fast-growing naias, forming dense green algae;
- Indian fern – small green leaves, can be planted in the ground and used as a floating plant;
- Amazonian echinodorus – forms sprawling bushes with wide oval leaves;
- java moss is a slow growing plant, loves good lighting;
- floating riccia – forms dense dense thickets.