aquatic plants

The main types of aquarium plants

Aquarium living plants are classified into several groups according to the characteristics of their habitat in the water.

Plant types:

  • growing small aquarium plants at the bottom of the aquarium (bryophytes, spring, hypnum, etc.);
  • freely floating in the water column or on its surface (hornwort, duckweed, pemphigus, etc.);
  • growing in the ground, but forming flowers and leaves floating on the surface of the water (water lilies, aponogetones);
  • freely floating on the water surface (Pontederiaceae, water-colored, etc.);
  • growing at the bottom and blooming under water (naiad, nickel);
  • growing at the bottom and carrying flower stems to the surface of the water (urut, water buttercups, etc.);
  • towering above the surface of the water (plants of marsh and coastal species – sedge, aroid, etc.).

Hardy plants for the aquarium

Every aquarium plant needs care. However, there are many types of aquatic flora, characterized by rapid growth and unpretentiousness.

This group has quite a wide selection:

  • vallisneria is a fast growing plant;
  • cladophora – filamentous green algae;
  • duckweed – a rapidly growing plant, suitable for all inhabitants of the aquarium;
  • hornwort with closely intertwined stems;
  • Guadalupe naiad – grows in a small bush;
  • hygrophila – a plant with large leaves, looks good in the background;
  • elodea – grows rapidly, well suited for viviparous fish;
  • fast-growing naias, forming dense green algae;
  • Indian fern – small green leaves, can be planted in the ground and used as a floating plant;
  • Amazonian echinodorus – forms sprawling bushes with wide oval leaves;
  • java moss is a slow growing plant, loves good lighting;
  • floating riccia – forms dense dense thickets.